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followed in the steps of Greek and Roman historians, although their work was original and immediate.
Both the Reformation and the Catholic Reformation furthered historical scholarship, as both sides used the past to support their religious views. He studied and taught at Toulouse and enjoyed a successful legal career.
Critical methods in history were forwarded in the 16th and 17th cent. His most notable book, Six livres de la republique (1576, tr......
Mabillon, Jean, 1623–1707, French scholar, a Benedictine monk.
The third of the great Greek historians, Xenophon Xenophon, c.430 B. Guicciardini, Francesco, 1483–1540, Italian historian and statesman.
He represented (1512–14) his native Florence at the court of Spain, held offices in the Florentine government, and in 1516 entered the service of Pope Leo X......
Most histories are concerned with causality, that is, why certain outcomes happened as they did, and how they are linked to earlier events.
It was not until the time of the Greeks that historiography, the writing of organic history, emerged. Herodotus was remarkable, too, for the scope of his interests; he recorded myths, described customs, and made speculations. He was in the service of Absalon, archbishop of Lund, at whose suggestion Saxo wrote the Gesta Danorum (or Historia Danica). As marshal of Champagne, he was a leader of the Fourth Crusade (see Crusades), which resulted in the conquest (1204) of Constantinople and the creation of the Latin Empire of Constantinople...... In 1472 he left the service of Charles the Bold of Burgundy to enter that of Louis XI of France, who rewarded him richly...... The humanism of the Renaissance revolutionized historiography, for it placed emphasis on textual criticism and on a critical attitude toward documents and sources.
The compilations of the logographoi in the 6th cent. He used much unverified information, however, and failed to differentiate clearly between fact and fable. Men such as Petrarch Valla, Lorenzo, c.1407–57, Italian humanist. Little is known with certainty of his life except that he was rector of the Univ. Vives, Juan Luis, 1492–1540, Spanish humanist and philosopher; friend of Erasmus.
The most important document of the cosmogony, religion, mythology, migratory traditions, and history of the Quiché, the original Popol Vuh was destroyed by the Spanish conquistador..... The breadth of his education is apparent in his evident familiarity with the ancient Greek and Latin authors...... Medieval works tended to divide into two types of histories. Albans, he began the Flores historiarum (see Matthew of Westminster), a general chronicle starting with the creation...... His History of the Goths, an abridgment of the lost work of Cassiodorus, is the only extant source for Ostrogothic history and one of the few works written in Vulgar Latin...... Among the better medieval histories was Bede's Ecclesiastical History, an early model in a branch of historiography that has been of great importance. after 1148, Byzantine princess and historian; daughter of Emperor Alexius I.
, an elaborate account of the history and mythology of the Quiché people in Mexico, was recorded in Spanish. One was the universal history, which found some inspiration in St. Augustine (c.413) and wrote, on request, a summary of the errors of Priscillian and of Origen. Cassiodorus(Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus Senator) , c.485–c.585, Roman statesman and author. The biographical or semibiographical accounts of knightly deeds in the Crusades gave rise to the critical history of William of Tyre. He accompanied Belisarius on his campaigns as his secretary, and later he commanded the imperial navy and served (562) as prefect of Constantinople...... She plotted, during and after her father's reign, against her brother, John II, in favor of her husband, Nicephorus Bryennius, whom she wished to rule as emperor...... of Naples, and in 1734 he was appointed historiographer to the king of Naples...... and resulted in the formation of the early feudal states.